Music and Education
Relationship between Music and Education
In North America and Europe, some form of music or singing instruction is commonly incorporated into general education from preschool through postsecondary education. Music participation is considered to teach basic abilities such as focus, counting, listening, and collaboration, as well as improve language comprehension, memory capacity, and provide a more favorable learning atmosphere in other areas.
Children learn to play instruments like the recorder in primary school, sing in small choirs, and study the history of Western art music and traditional music. Popular music forms are taught to certain primary school students as well. Hymns and other religious music are sung at religious schools by youngsters. Students may participate in choirs (a collection of singers), marching bands, concert bands, jazz bands, or orchestras at secondary schools (and less frequently in elementary schools).
Music classes on how to play instruments are sometimes offered in various educational systems. After school, some children enroll in private music classes with a singing or instrument teacher. Basic musical rudiments and beginning to intermediate singing or instrument-playing techniques are generally taught to amateur musicians.
Students in most arts and humanities programs at university level can obtain credit for a few music courses, which usually take the shape of an overview course on the history of music or a music appreciation course that focuses on listening to music and learning about different musical forms.
Students in the arts and humanities can also join choirs, marching bands, concert bands, or orchestras at most North American and European institutions. Outside of North America and Europe, such as the Indonesian Institute of the Arts in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, or classical music schools in Asian nations including South Korea, Japan, and China, the study of Western art music is becoming increasingly popular.
Simultaneously, Western universities and colleges are expanding their curricula to incorporate music from non-Western cultures, such as African or Balinese music (e.g., Gamelan music).
People who want to be professional musicians, singers, composers, songwriters, music instructors, and other music-related professions like music history professors, sound engineers, and so on, attend specialized post-secondary programs offered by colleges, universities, and music conservatories. Many of the finest colleges in the United States offer degrees in music performance (including singing and playing instruments), music history, music theory, music composition, and music education (for people who want to teach music in primary or secondary schools).
Some tiny institutions, on the other hand, may exclusively offer instruction in a particular vocation (e.g., sound recording). While most university and conservatory music programs focus on classical music, there are a number of universities and colleges that train musicians for careers as jazz or popular music musicians and composers, including the Manhattan School of Music and the Berklee College of Music in the United States. McGill University and Humber College are two significant colleges in Canada that provide professional jazz instruction.
Individuals pursuing careers in certain genres of music, such as heavy metal, country music, or blues, are less likely to succeed. Instead, they learn about their style of music by singing or playing in a variety of bands (often starting in amateur bands, cover bands, and tribute bands), studying recordings available on CD, DVD, and the Internet, and working with established professionals in their style of music, either through informal mentoring or regular music lessons.
Many vocalists and musicians in metal, blues, and other genres have been able to enhance their talents thanks to the growing popularity and availability of Internet forums and YouTube “how-to” videos since the 2000s. Many singers in the pop, rock, and country genres work with vocal coaches and teachers on a part-time basis.
Bachelor of Music, Bachelor of Music Education, and Bachelor of Arts (with a major in music) are all four-year undergraduate university degrees in music. These degrees provide students with a solid foundation in music theory and history, and many students choose to acquire an instrument or improve their vocal skills as part of their studies. Graduates with undergraduate music degrees can find work or pursue graduate studies in music. Outside of music, bachelor’s degree graduates can apply to various graduate programs and professional schools (e.g., public administration, business administration, library science, and, in some cases, law).
Master of Music, Master of Arts (in musicology, music theory, or another discipline of music), Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) (in musicology or music theory, for example), and, more recently, the Doctor of Musical Arts, or DMA, are all graduate music degrees. Students studying performance of an instrument, education, voice (singing), or composition generally receive a Master of Music degree, which takes one to two years to accomplish. Students studying musicology, music history, music theory, or ethnomusicology are usually given a Master of Arts degree, which takes one to two years to complete and frequently involves a thesis.
After earning a master’s degree, students must pursue a PhD in musicology, music history, or music theory, which requires three to five years of study after completing advanced courses and conducting dissertation research. The DMA is a relatively recent degree that was established to give a certificate for professional musicians or composers who desire to teach musical performance or composition at the university level. After earning a master’s degree, the DMA program lasts three to five years and involves advanced classes, projects, and performances.
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